If a dental emergency should happen to your child, please remember to act quickly. Stay calm-a parent’s apprehension can be transmitted to the child. Bring the child to us with the tooth replanted or kept moist in transit. We’ll take care of you immediately.

A child, learning to ride a two-wheeled bicycled, loses her balance, falls, hits a rock and knocks out a front tooth. What do you do?

If the tooth is replaced in the tooth socket immediately, the chances are good that this tooth can be maintained for many years.

Do something and do it now
The success of this replantation procedure is directly related to how soon the tooth is replaced in its socket. If possible, just rinse the tooth with tap water and gently replace the tooth in its socket and come to the office. Otherwise, wrap the tooth in a clean, moistened cloth-or put it in a cup of water or milk-and get to the office, now. Never scrape the tooth or allow it to dry out.

Remember, time is of the essence
If the tooth is left out of the mouth for more than 30 minutes, the chance for successful replantation drops significantly.

We consider replantation successful if we can keep the tooth in position at least during a child’s growth period. By maintaining the space, the replanted tooth prevents tipping of adjacent teeth. If it’s necessary to replace the injured tooth, it’s much easier to do it when the child is older – when all the permanent teeth are in.


For some reason, most people get an unpleasant feeling at the thought of visiting their dentist.  But staying on top of your dental health can save you from even worse unpleasantness later.Aside from the regular check-up appointments – which dentists stress are highly important and can prevent or catch problems early – there are several signs that it may be time to pay a visit to your dentist.

Generally, anything out of the ordinary may indicate it’s time to call your dentist, whether it be tooth pain, bleeding gums or discoloration.

Tooth pain

Toothaches are a common reason that people might need to make that appointment.  Some symptoms would include a dull throbbing in the jaw that leads to the ear, hot or cold sensitivity, or an obvious sharp pain.

Pain comes in different degrees and has different causes. Usually tooth pain that causes you to wake up in the middle of the night is an automatic visit to the dentist.

But some tooth pain could be triggered by clenching your jaw or grinding your teeth while you sleep. Often, using a nightguard will relieve this pain.


Bleeding gums are another reason to make an appointment with the dentist.  If your gums bleed when you floss for longer than a week, see your dentist.  Bleeding during brushing, or for no reason at all, also warrants a visit.

Other problematic symptoms for the gums include discoloration or inflammation.

If their tissue is not a coral pink, or a light shade of pink, if it starts to turn red in color, that means there is some type of inflammation caused by bacteria or other immune system issue.  Swollen gums are also a reason to see the dentist.

Inflamed or bleeding gums are often a sign of periodontal disease.  Smoking, hereditary diseases such as diabetes, and the lack of proper oral hygiene cause periodontal disease, which can lead to cardiovascular disease.


People often don’t connect headaches with dental problems, but can they can be related.  Headaches that are felt in the morning, especially accompanied by soreness or stiffness in the neck, could be due to clenching or grinding during the night. These headaches can also be prevented by nightguards.

Other symptoms

Other things to be on the lookout for are a bad odor in your mouth, pressure or “bubbles” above your teeth, or white patches on your tongue.

Pressure or “bubbles” that form above the teeth could be infections.  And white patches on the side of the tongue that cannot be wiped off could be a sign of oral cancer.

But dental problems do not always present themselves in identifiable ways, which is why it is important to regularly see your dentist rather than wait for the pain to set in.

The tooth actually does not feel decay until it has progressed, sometimes for years.  If they feel pain, it’s too late.

McCormick said teeth are like bones – neither have nerves in them. So the pain of decay is not felt until it reaches the core of the tooth, by which time it is too late.

Franklin said it is important to brush your teeth three times a day – after every meal – and consistently floss.  The best dentistry is preventive dentistry.


The Science of Dentistry

Got Bad Breath?

February 2, 2012

There’s no way around it – bad breath is embarrassing. Chronic bad breath can seem like a nemesis, constantly foiling your plans and preventing you from engaging in social activities. We know what to avoid food-wise: anchovies, onions, garlic, etc., but what else can you do?  Consider these helpful tips to help you overcome bad breath and start smiling again!

1. Brush and floss daily

This seems like a no-brainer, but let’s be honest. How often do you really floss? If you’re like most people, then it’s about as often as you flip your mattress. Debris builds up between teeth, decays, and emits a foul odor. Flossing removes the debris, and it’s absolutely essential for fresh breath.

2. Scrape your tongue

Bacteria hides beneath your taste buds, but a gentle, cost-effective tongue scraper can effectively remove a good percentage of this bacteria. Tongue scrapers last for years, and it might just be the most important thing you do to eliminate odor-causing bacteria.

3. Replace your toothbrush

Your toothbrush’s damp bristles can become a host for bacteria over time. Replace your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months for a fresh approach to fighting bad breath.

4. Use alcohol-free mouthwash

Buyers beware! Many popular mouthwashes contain alcohol, which can mask odors, but ultimately exacerbates the problem by contributing to dry mouth. Consider using an alcohol-free rinse or a baking-soda solution to actually rid your mouth of bacteria.

5. Drink water

Sipping water throughout the day can wash away debris and prevent dehydration, a common cause of bad breath.

6. Go green

Certain herbs and spices act as natural breath fresheners that kill odiferous bacteria. Try adding fresh mint, parsley, coriander, tarragon, rosemary, or cardamom to your diet. Steep these herbs in hot water for a few minutes and enjoy a breath-freshening after-dinner elixir.

7. Introduce vitamin-rich foods

Studies show that foods rich in vitamin D (yogurt, cheese, milk) and Vitamin C (citrus fruits, berries, melons) can counter bad breath and create an environment inhospitable to bacteria.

8. Avoid liquid offenders

Minimize your intake of notorious bad-breath allies like coffee, wine, and whiskey.

9. Chew sugar-free gum

While this isn’t a permanent solution, sugar-free gum can stimulate the saliva glands and provide temporary relief. And because it’s sugar-free, it won’t contribute to decay, which can heighten the problem. Try to find gum that

Oral dryness, or xerostomia as it is also known, is the health condition in which due to malfunctioning, the salivary glands do not produce enough saliva.

However, people struggle quite rarely with such a condition in its toughest form, and the symptoms generally last for shorter periods of time.

Dry mouth is a condition which brings about bad breath, which is an even more frustrating condition. Saliva production is extremely important, and when there is not enough saliva in the mouth, bacteria and microbes multiply faster and may cause other unpleasant symptoms, such as the bad breath condition itself.

One of the main causes of xerostomia is dehydration. When the human organism does not receive enough fluids, the mouth will be dry too. This is why it is extremely important to hydrate properly, and make sure you drink at least 2 liters of fluids every day.

Dehydration may easily be a condition which is triggered by other underlying health complications, such as constant vomiting, diarrhea, sweating in excess or feverish states.

Then, yet another important cause of xerostomia might be factors such as smoking, or chewing tobacco regularly.

Cigarettes contain chemical ingredients that actually hinder saliva production; therefore, smokers can experience quite frequently xerostomia.

People who are undergoing some medical treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation, might also experience short term or long term oral dryness. It has been scientifically proven that these invasive medical procedures actually destroy the salivary glands.

Yet another quite common side effect of chemotherapy is frequent vomiting, and this might bring about xerostomia as well.

Prescription medication, such as the psychotic drugs might also have as side effect the oral dryness condition. These drugs are specifically prescribed for patients struggling with conditions such as Bipolar Disorder or different stages of depression.

The main ingredients in these drugs affect the secretions and glands of the human organism, hence the possibility of struggling with oral dryness when taking these types of prescription medications.

Oral dryness can also be a side effect of health conditions such as diabetes, Mumps Hypertension, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease or Sjorgen’s syndrome.

Whatever the reason may be, if dry mouth lasts long enough cavities start popping up all over the place. It is very important to see your dentist to figure out what kind of preventative treatment would work for you.

Shocking. One word that sums up the latest study conducted by the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. According to their research, chronic periodontal disease indicated, strangely, by missing molars, appears to be associated statistically with breast cancer.
The study involved 3273 randomly selected subjects aged 30-40 years. Of those selected, 1676 (group A) received an oral examination. Group B, consisting of the remaining 1597 did not receive an examination. 26 subjects in group A and 15 subjects in group B had breast cancer. The incidence of breast cancer was 1.75% in subjects who had periodontal disease and/or any missing molars, and 0 in subjects who had periodontal disease but had no missing molars. For periodontally healthy subjects with no missing teeth the breast cancer incidence was 1%. For group B the respective incidence was 0.94%. Female gender (odds ratio (OR) 13.08) and missing any molar in the mandible (OR 2.36) were explanatory variables for breast cancer. Of the subjects with periodontal disease and any missing molars in the mandible 5.5% had breast cancer in comparison to 0.5% of the subjects who had periodontal disease but no missing molars in the mandible (P < 0.02).

Periodontal disease begins innocently enough as gingivitis, but unfortunately, the disease progresses very quickly if it’s not treated properly, and promptly. Once periodontal disease becomes irreversible, your risk for losing teeth increases substantially. Taking the above information into consideration, missing teeth, especially molars, appears to be the somewhat strange connection between periodontal disease and breast cancer.

I really strongly advise everyone to take any signs of “pink in the sink” very seriously. The first sign of gum disease is red, bleeding gums. Believe it or not, bleeding gums is not a normal occurrence when you are brushing your teeth. If you are consistently finding your gums bleed while you are brushing your teeth, speak with your dentist about how to halt the progression of gum disease; before it’s too late.


From The Science of Dentistry

More than a pair of upturned lips, the smile is the most scientifically studied human facial expression. In her new book, Lip Service, Yale psychology professor Marianne LaFrance, PhD, draws on the latest research—in fields from biology to anthropology to computer science—in an effort to shed some light on the happy face. Here, six facts that may make you, well, you know.

People with big grins live longer. In a study published last year, researchers pored over an old issue of the Baseball Register, analyzing photos of 230 players. They found that on average, the guys with bright, bigmouthed beams lived 4.9 years longer than the players with partial smiles, and 7 years longer than the players who showed no grin at all. We can’t credit wide smiles for long life spans, of course, but smiles reveal positive feelings, and positive feelings are linked to well-being.

Smiles exert subliminal powers. When study subjects are shown an image of a smiling face for just four milliseconds—a flash so quick, the viewers don’t consciously register the image—they experience a mini emotional high. Compared with control groups, the smile-viewers perceive the world in a better light: To them, boring material is more interesting, neutral images look more positive, even bland drinks seem tastier.

There are three degrees of happiness… An article in the British Medical Journal reported that it is indeed possible to spread the love: Within social networks, when one person is happy, the feeling migrates to two people beyond her. So if you smile, a friend of a friend is more likely to smile, too.

…and two types of smiles. Genuine smiles and fake smiles are governed by two separate neural pathways. We know this is true because people with damage to a certain part of the brain can still break into a spontaneous grin even though they’re unable to smile at will. Scientists speculate that our ancestors evolved the neural circuitry to force smiles because it was evolutionarily advantageous to mask their fear and fury.

To spot a faker, check the eyes. When someone smiles out of genuine delight, a facial muscle called the orbicularis oculi involuntarily contracts, crinkling the skin around the eyes. Most of us are incapable of deliberately moving this muscle, which means that when a person fakes a smile, her orbicularis oculi likely won’t budge.

Smiles have accents. When reading facial expressions, different cultures home in on different parts of the face. In the United States, we focus on mouths; the Japanese, by contrast, search for feeling in the eyes.

There are millions of people throughout the world currently struggling with bad breath complications, and most probably this is why there is such a wide array of breath freshening products available.

In case you are struggling with bad breath, although you have tried all the existent freshening products without good results, you must establish the cause of this condition. If you are able to find the root of bad breath problem, you will also be able to find the best treatment solution.

One of the very first causes of bad breath is bad oral hygiene. Everybody knows that regular brushing, flossing and tongue cleansing greatly helps in reducing bad odor.

Xerostomia, or the “dry mouth” syndrome might be yet another cause. When your mouth feels dry, it means that you are not producing enough saliva. This condition might be caused by certain medication intake or processes such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and of course dehydration.

In order to make bad breath go way, you need to treat the dry mouth condition first. Make sure to drink plenty of water in order to stay hydrated, and in order to stimulate saliva production you can also chew regularly sugar-free gum.

Certain oral infections and periodontal disease can also be a major cause of bad breath. Plaque accumulates extremely quickly on the teeth, and the food particles and certain bacteria can make your breath smell quite unpleasant.

If no measure is quickly taken, the bacteria can slowly destroy all that soft tissue surrounding your teeth. From there on, you are automatically exposed to tooth decay and gum disease infections, which cause the bad breath. It is extremely important to visit regularly your dentist, and let him know about your bad breath problem; there is professional treatment available, so you will soon get rid of this bad condition.

Then, there are certain other medical underlying conditions that bring about bad breath. If you are struggling with this condition, and you know that you have healthy teeth and gums, you might want to check with your doctor for some detailed medical investigations. Some diseases that usually cause bad breath include diabetes complications, bronchitis, acid reflux which is chronic, lung infections and liver complications.

From the Science of Dentistry